How do you know if you’re having a heart attack?

24-7 NurseRebrandHeart attack symptoms are not always obvious. The signs can often begin subtly with chest discomfort that comes and goes. Many people brush off the symptoms as indigestion or anxiety, but you should seek medical attention if symptoms persist for more than 15 minutes.

What are the symptoms?

Heart attack symptoms vary from person to person. Typical heart attack symptoms are:

  • Pressure or crushing pain in chest, which may radiate into left arm or jaw
  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath

Women may have symptoms without chest pain, such as: 

  • Neck, jaw, shoulder, upper back or abdominal discomfort
  • Chest discomfort, commonly mistaken as heartburn
  • Unusual or unexplained fatigue

Risk factors

Family history is vital when evaluating cardiac risk. The risk for heart disease can increase even more when heredity is combined with unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as smoking cigarettes and eating a poor diet. Other risk factors include physical inactivity, obesity, excessive alcohol use, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes.

Chest Pain & Stroke Hotline

When you need help identifying the signs of a heart attack or stroke, phone Baptist Health’s award-winning Chest Pain and Stroke Hotline at 1-800-575-1911 to speak with one of our registered nurses. It is free and available 24/7

Phone the Baptist Health Line 24/7 at (270) 575-2918 if you have other health questions, even if you’ve never been a patient at Baptist Health Paducah. Our nurses also can answer your questions here.

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Blind Spots

Spiritual Prescription horizontalBlind Spots image_2I get about a 30-minute warning.

Blind spots.

Many of you already know what I’m talking about. It’s the first indication that millions of us get that we’re about to have a whopper of a headache. The first time it happened I was in my mid-twenties and was literally bumping into the wall I couldn’t see while walking down a narrow corridor. Convinced I was having a stroke, I called Blind Spots image_3an ophthalmologist friend who calmly asked if I had a history of migraines. I answered “no,” and he apologetically said, “you’re about to.” Boy was he right.  The blind spots quickly transformed into daggers to the eye!

Blind spots in our spiritual lives can be much more difficult to discern, but not impossible. They also serve as a warning, lest we become daggers to the body of Christ.

Why do you look at the speck of sawdust in your brother’s eye and pay no attention to the plank in your own eye? How can you say to your brother, let me take the speck out of your eye, when at the time there is a plank in your own eye? Matthew 7:3-4

Blind Spots image_4This passage is speaking to the issue of critical Christians- spiritual planking, if you will, that occures when we become rigid and quick to criticize the faults of others. A critical spirit is a warning – a blind spot that, left without a remedy, can transform into something ugly.

Therefore you have no excuse, everyone of you who passes judgment, for in that which you judge another, you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things. Romans 2:1

We aren’t supposed to just look the other way in the face of wrongdoing, but the critical Christian often is unaware that she has a problem with the very same issues. I recognize this tendency in myself and I don’t like what I see. Thankfully, the scriptures provide a clear three-step remedy found in Luke. The beloved physician is quoting the great physician in this passage:

Blind Spots image_2_2Do not judge, and you will not be judged; and do not condemn, and you will not be condemned; pardon, and you will be pardoned. Give and it will be given to you. They will pour into your lap a good measure-pressed down, shaken together, and running over. For by your standard of measure it will be measured to you in return.  Luke 6:37-38.

First – When you sense the urge to criticize, you’ve possibly just recognized a blind spot.

Second – At the first inclination of a blind spot, generously apply grace and compassion. (This will soften the “plank” for easier removal.)

Third – Gently remove the offending plank and enjoy the full measure of pain relief overflowing in you and to everyone else around you.

That’s a spiritual prescription that we can all use.Blind Spots image

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Enjoy healthy Super Bowl snacks

An Apple A DayWhat’s on your Super Bowl menu? Chips, dips, soda and other high calorie favorites usually go hand-in-hand with the big game. According to, football fans can consume an entire day’s worth of calories during the game. This year prepare healthier versions of your favorite snacks, so you don’t wake up Monday with heartburn and possibly a few unwanted pounds. 

Try a few of these tips so you’ll be a winner, regardless of which team comes out on top.


  • Choose water instead of soda and other high-calorie beverages to avoid belly bloat and empty calories.
  • Serve a fruit platter or fresh veggies with vanilla yogurt instead of fattening cookies.
  • Order a veggie, meatless pizza.
  • Snack on nuts. The magnesium can boost metabolism.
  • Keep food in the kitchen and not in the living room to cut down on grazing during the game.
  • Use smaller bowls for chips and salsa.

Send us your health and nutrition questions, and our team of dietitians will answer them in an upcoming blog. Check here each month for more tips and answers to your questions.

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Cold vs. flu

24-7-Nurse-4Do you have the flu or are you just suffering from a bad cold? We receive lots of calls at Baptist Health Line from people wondering the same thing. The flu and the common cold have similar flu-like symptoms, so it can be difficult to tell them apart based on symptoms alone.

What is the difference?

The flu and common cold are both respiratory illnesses, but they are caused by different viruses, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. In general, colds are milder than the flu, and people are more likely to have a runny or stuffy nose. Cold symptoms appear gradually, while flu symptoms can appear within three to six hours. Flu symptoms, such as fever, body aches, extreme tiredness and dry cough, are worse and more intense. They also can result in serious health problems, such as pneumonia and hospitalizations. Colds usually last for about a week, while flu symptoms gradually improve after two to five days.

How can you protect against both?

  • Always cover your mouth and nose when you cough and sneeze.
  • Frequently wash your hands with soap and water.
  • If you are sick, stay at home and avoid others for least 24 hours after fever is gone and/or no longer taking fever-reducing medication for 24 hours.

Phone the Baptist Health Line 24/7 at (270) 575-2918 if you have health questions, even if you’ve never been a patient at Western Baptist. Our nurses also can answer your questions here.

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Family, fabric and fishing bring new doctor to the area

Medical-Perspective-4Frances Horn, D.O., says it was the 3 F’s that pulled her from Oklahoma to Paducah to become a hospitalist at Western Baptist.

“I say I moved here for family, fabric and fishing,” she said. She wanted to be closer to family, she likes to quilt and she enjoys fishing.

She also enjoys taking care of people. She can trace her interest in medicine back to the fifth grade, when she would check the blood pressure for anyone who asked. She became a nurse aide at 15 and a licensed practical nurse by 18.

GHP-3618Later, she earned her Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine degree from Oklahoma State University and became board-certified in family medicine. “I like to see the whole picture,” she said. “Family medicine is all-encompassing. My passion to help people is the most important thing to bring to the patient.”

She has a particular passion for caring for those with diabetes. “My family is riddled with it, and it is such a treatable disease if you educate the patient.”

In the first six months of her practice in 1999, she treated a woman who suffered necrotizing fascitis, a rare soft-tissue infection and complication of diabetes. “With the help of my consultants, she lived and still walks. I continued to care for her, her daughter, nieces and nephews, until I moved here. That rocks!”

You can sense her enthusiasm in helping people regain their health.

She now does that at Western Baptist as a hospitalist, a hospital-based physician who cares for patients who don’t have a doctor or whose physician isn’t on the hospital medical staff. The hospitalist returns them to the care of their primary care physician when they leave the hospital.

When she’s not working, she’s enjoying quilting in Quilt City USA and finding new fishing holes in Kentucky’s Western Waterland. She also enjoys photography and church activities.

Welcome, Dr. Horn.

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Lord and Tailor

Spiritual Prescription horizontalIt’s a New Year and so now’s a good time to break some bad habits and embrace change. It’s also been more than a week since 2013 began and I’m still “tweaking” my resolution.  I might have a problem with procrastination.

I also think there is so much “noise” with the pace in which we live that there’s hardly any time to make a plan, much less actually finish it. The first rule of plan making is to know your current state. Not only am I a procrastinator, I’m really good at story telling – particularly about my current state. So I have a Truth teller in my life to give me perspective.  His name is Jesus.

LT page_5O Lord, you have searched me and you know me. You know when I sit and when I rise; you perceive my thoughts from afar. You discern my going out and my lying down, you are familiar with all my ways. Before a word is on my tongue you know it completely, O Lord. You hem me in – behind and before; you have laid your hand upon me. Such knowledge is too wonderful for me, to lofty for me to attain.

Psalm 139:1-5

LT page_3Today’s journal pages are hemmed as a physical reminder to me of the work God wants to finish in me. He knows every part of me and the boundaries that He has set behind me and before me are there to protect and to guide. When I attempt to travel this life according to my own rules, I wind up with a lot of frayed relationships turned inside out.

This Psalm contains 24 verses that describe an unmasking of self. Those parts of us that we keep hidden, even from ourselves, are brought to light. This process reveals habit patterns and raw edges — our uncut version, remnant material.  Then by the grace of God, LT page_4Christ stitches together something beautiful, altering the shape and purpose for my life, creating a custom fit with pressed edges and a clean finish.

So too, at the present time there is a remnant chosen by grace. And if by grace, then it is no longer by works, if it were, grace would no longer be grace.

Romans 11:5-6

Life’s tempo may be so frenetic that you haven’t taken a moment in 2013 to reflect on all the ways about you that are precious and uniquely you. I’m still planning to make a few changes. I hope it involves a kinder spirit, a slower pace, mending some broken things, and spending more time with my Lord and Tailor as He fashions something new in me that looks a lot like Him.

 LT page

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Eat healthier in the New Year

An Apple A DayIs your New Year’s resolution to eat healthier? If so, avoid fad diets or strict rules because they won’t help you reach your long-term goals. Instead, try these sensible steps from to change your diet permanently.

Fill the plate with colorful vegetables. Bright-colored and dark green leafy vegetables are loaded with vitamins and antioxidants. They are low in calories and high in fiber, which makes them very filling. You will be less likely to binge on high-fat or processed foods if you fill your stomach with veggies.
Snack on fruits. Grab fruit, fresh or dried, instead of junk food when you feel like snacking. Fruits also are high in antioxidants and fiber and low in calories.

Avoid processed meat. Choose high quality protein rather than sodium-loaded processed ham sandwiches. High quality protein sources include fish, chicken, turkey, beef, eggs, nuts and dairy.

Eat whole grains. It is recommended for adults to eat three servings of whole grains a day. A good way to do this is by replacing refined-grain products with whole grain. As an example, eat popcorn instead of potato chips, or use whole-grain bread instead of white bread for sandwiches.

Stay away from highly processed foods. Dietitian Gloria Tsang believes highly processed foods are the real cause of obesity. She said frozen fish sticks have 12 times more fat than a natural fish fillet and chicken nuggets have four times more fat than chicken tenders. Fill up on wholesome, natural foods instead.

Additional healthy food options and other tips to encourage your children to eat healthy are found at

Send us your health and nutrition questions, and our team of dietitians will answer them in an upcoming blog. Check here each month for more tips and answers to your questions.

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